By Jim Langley

Last week’s Question of the Week, “Do you do regular maintenance to your bike(s) this time of year?” coincided with some repairs I needed to do. They aren’t on my bicycle, though. They’re on my circa 2008 Specialized S-Works shoes.

It got me thinking that the off-season is a great time to catch up on maintenance like this that is super important for riding, yet easily forgotten or ignored since it’s not specifically on the bike. When planning your pre-season mechanical schedule, be sure to include everything related to your cycling. It can become a long list these days, with shoes, helmets, gloves, clothing, accessories, power meters, car racks, and so on.

I’ll leave your list up to you and stick with shoes today. Perhaps nothing’s more important for efficient riding, so it’s worth keeping them in tip-top shape. If you take a close look at the photos, you’ll see that mine are in anything but good shape. Look at the worn cleat edges and about-to-fail frayed Boa closure laces (actually tiny steel cables).

Don’t blame the shoes for looking so tired. Since 2008 they’ve seen about 40,000 miles, multiple crashes and downpours. Also, I don’t baby them since they’re for all my training. Racing is done in different shoes saved for competition only. But here’s what I’m going to fix on my trainers, plus some of the other things to check when inspecting and maintaining shoes.

Closures

My shoes feature Boa closures, a ratcheting laces system that was cutting-edge when I got these shoes but is now found on many types of shoes and widely used in cycling. I’ve recommended the Boa system in the past in this column and love how it allows tightening and loosening shoes evenly with a quick turn of the dial.

TechTalkshoeslaces.WEBIn my experience the Boa laces last about 4 years of constant use before they begin to crack and fray. The first time, I went back to the bike shop and bought a replacement kit. It wasn’t too difficult to replace them following the directions with the kit. It even included a special screwdriver for removing the dials.

But this time around, the same bike shop informed me that replacement laces this old aren’t available anymore from Specialized (so they don’t stock them), and that I should contact Boa directly. I did that via  and almost immediately got a reply saying to send a photo of my shoes. Once I did that, another speedy reply said that a free replacement kit would be sent right out. Made my day!

If you have Velcro strap and/or strap and buckle shoes, check the Velcro’s grip and the buckles for loosening or wear that can make them stop working or not perform as they should. Velcro usually keeps going and going. But if crud gets in it, blocking the interlocking “fingers” from holding, the gunk should be removed. Use an awl or pick to get under and pull out anything stuck in the Velcro.

Depending on the shoes, buckles and straps can sometimes be tightened to the shoe via small screws, so look for these to check if they’re secure. This type of fastener also lets you replace the parts if replacements are available from the store where you purchased the shoes, or direct from the shoe company.

Cleats

The other part of cycling shoes to check is the cleats. These typically wear far more quickly than the closures, especially if you walk in your shoes frequently.

Tip: Carrying and slipping on rubber cleat covers before walking is the best way to keep road cleats like new as long as possible. For my Speedplay Zero pedals, I use Keep on Kovers, which, like the name implies, stay on even when riding so you never forget to carry or use them.

Cleats are the key to clipless pedals working properly. As they wear out, it can be harder to get in and out of pedals, and they can make noise or move around annoyingly on the pedal under hard pedaling. To tell, look for signs of wear and weakness on the edges of the cleats that are grabbed by the jaws on the pedals.

TechTalkshoescleats.WEBAnother good way to spot cleat wear is to always keep a set of new spare cleats on hand. That way you won’t have to go buy them when you need them, too. And, with a new set, it’s easy to hold the new up to the old to see exactly whether or not the old cleats are toast. It’s better to replace cleats well before they let you down out in the middle of nowhere.

Even if the cleats look great, go ahead and check the cleat bolts to make sure none are working themselves loose, which they have a bad habit of doing. They’re usually allen bolts. If you find the hole messed up from walking in the shoes, try holding the allen with a pair of pliers as you hold its end on the bolt and tap the other end with a hammer. You can usually force the allen wrench in this way and reshape the hole. It takes a little finesse, so be patient and you should get it.

IMPORTANT: If you do need to replace the cleats, first trace a line around the old cleats on your shoes. Use a Sharpie marker in a color that stands out against your sole and wait for it to dry. That will save you the huge hassle of having to find the right cleat positions all over again.

Frozen Cleat Bolts

Cleats bolts can become frozen (rusted) into the soles and seemingly impossible to loosen or remove. But you can always get them out one way or another. Penetrants work but can take a long time to free frozen bolts. Heating the screw works faster. But be careful! You don’t want to get oils and penetrants dripping over and into the shoe, and if you heat anything but the bolts you can ruin the shoes. So think through your approach.

As an example, shoes can be wrapped in wet rags so that they’re protected as heat is applied to only the screw. Some cleats can be cut to pieces and knocked off the soles, leaving the bolts protruding and much easier to grab with pliers, for instance, and turn. Whatever you do, work carefully, pay attention to what you’re doing and you can get the screws loose and out to replace the cleats.

Other Things to Watch For

You can see in the photos that my shoes need some repairs around the ankles where the fabric is fraying. That’s one type of maintenance to look for. If you stop the fraying or patch uppers with small holes, etc., it should allow shoes to live longer.

Another shoe problem is having the soles separate from the uppers. It’s caused by walking too much in cycling shoes. Unlike your feet, the stiff soles don’t bend, so the sole is essentially being peeled off the shoe with every step. And most soles are glued to the upper, so it’s not at all a permanent bond.

You can spot problems by pulling on the soles around the shoes gently by hand and seeing if it’s coming free anywhere. To fix it, try gluing it back in place with a contact adhesive like Shoe Goo.

If you’ve ever repaired your shoes (minor, major, or anything in between), please comment below to share any great tips and advice.


Jim Langley is RBR's Technical Editor. He has been a pro mechanic and cycling writer for more than 40 years. He's the author of Your Home Bicycle Workshop in the RBR eBookstore. Check out his "cycling aficionado" website at http://www.jimlangley.net, his Q&A blog and updates at Twitter. Jim's streak of consecutive cycling days has reached more than 8,000. Click to read Jim's full bio.

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